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How to Prune Small Trees - Part 1

How to Prune Small Trees - Part 1

Home Depot has all the tools, materials and plants you need to make your garden thrive.  With a Home Depot Money Off Coupon from We Are Coupons you can save money on making your garden glorious.  When it comes to gardening one thing many of us are unsure of is pruning. Pruning and knowing how to prune is important. If you're up to the task, read on for a step-by-step guide to pruning twigs and small trees this two part article.  Let's start with the step of pruning only one branch and move on to pruning a small tree.


Removing branches larger than 1 1/2 inches in diameter requires a special three-cut pruning process (see picture below). When pruning branches larger than 1 inch in diameter, avoid tearing or tearing the bark with a pruning saw and the three cut method shown below. Make trimmings so that only the tissue of the branch is removed (the tree on the branch side of the branch collar).


There is a meristematic tissue around the collar of the branch that forms the wrapped wood, a reactive tissue that will cover the cut from the pruning. Pruning the neck of a branch promotes callus formation, which seals the wound and protects the tree. Keeping the neck of the branch intact helps ensure that the wound closes properly after it has been cut, but if the neck of the branch is damaged, the wound can become infected with rotting fungi that can spread further inside the tree. When making cuts, it's a good idea to trim outside of the ridge of the branch's bark or the collar of the branch.


On small branches that can be pruned with a lopper or wire cutter, orient the pruning tool to make the smallest possible wound outside the collar area of the branch. Pruning large branches Three or four cuts are required to remove large branches to avoid tearing the bark. On large branches or when using a pruning saw, use a three-part cut to avoid peeling the bark, i.e. the anti-peel cut (1), the weight reduction cut (2) and the final cut (3) (Fig. 4 ). ).


For smaller branches, use a pruning saw or hand pruners to remove branches, cut them on an outward-facing bud, or cross branches. If you need to reduce the size of the tree, use canopy reduction by pruning entire branches at the starting point. a) You want to save, so cut the top and side branches about a quarter (if the tree is 4 feet tall, that means about 12 inches to cut.


However, at first, newly planted trees should only be pruned if there are broken or damaged branches. Trees flowering at the beginning of the season, on last year's growth, should be pruned immediately after flowering. Autumn and winter pruning will enhance the flowering of trees and shrubs that bloom on new growths.


Trees producing ornamental fruit should be pruned after fruit fall or before growth begins in early spring. It is generally accepted that the best time to trim live branches (dead and dying branches can be cut at any time) is the end of the dormant season (late winter) or very early spring, before growth begins. There is an important pruning that can be done at any time, namely the removal of dead, weak, damaged or crossing branches.

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